Bone fractures are a common and painful injury that require post-treatment physiotherapy rehabilitation to improve muscle mass and increase joint flexibility.
When excessive force is applied to your bone it can crack, break, or fracture. The extent of the damage depends on how much force was applied to the bone and the nature of the injury. Fractures can happen in childhood through adulthood but our risk increases as we age because our bone tissue becomes increasingly brittle and frail. According to Osteoporosis Canada,
total estimated fractures in Saskatchewan for 2015 was 8,510.
Fractures can be due to traumatic accidents, sports, repetitive stress, and a medical condition called osteoporosis (which leaves your bones more brittle and susceptible to breaking).
Facts About Fractures
- The most common fracture sites are hip, vertebral (spine), wrist, pelvis, and long-bone (arm/leg)
- There are many different types of fractures such as stress fractures, simple or closed fracture, compound fractures, transverse fracture, compression fracture and greenstick fractures (in children)
- If you have fractured a bone you may hear a popping or snapping sound
- A fracture will result in acute pain in the bone and surrounding area, along with tenderness and potential swelling
- In the case of an arm or leg fracture, your limb may bend in an unusual way and may appear misaligned
- Fractures can result in a bone protruding from the injured site
- A fracture can leave you unable to move the affected limb or joint
Cause & Treatments
It is important to remember that children’s bones are springy and resilient thereby making them less likely to fracture. Healthy adult bones typically fracture from direct, high-energy or explosive impact. As we age and our bones lose density and mass making us more likely to endure a fracture from loss of balance, slip & falls, or from repetitive strain. The most common causes of fractures include:
- Traumatic injury (car accidents, falling from a height)
- Accidental injury (loss of balance, or slip & fall)
- Sports injury
- Slips and falls
- Overuse or repetitive use injuries
- Osteoporosis (decrease in bone mass leaving it susceptible to injury and fracture)
An x-ray will help determine the type of fracture you have and the treatment you require. Often post-treatment requires a physical rehabilitation component to improve muscle mass and joint flexibility that was lost during your fracture recovery stage. Bourassa & Associates’ university trained physical therapists offer tailored treatment plans unique to your fracture so that you can get the best rehabilitation towards resuming normal activities of daily living.
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